Robert Swartz



Robert Swartz is Director of the National Center for Teaching Thinking, USA and the Spanish Center for Teaching Thinking in Madrid, Spain (called the Organization for Thinking and Learning). He received his doctorate from Harvard University and is an emeritus faculty member at the University of Massachusetts at Boston.  He has worked extensively over the past forty years with teachers, schools, school districts, and universities internationally in staff-development projects on restructuring curriculum and instruction by infusing critical and creative thinking into content teaching, now called “Thinking-Based Learning”. He has developed and published a series of lesson design handbooks in the 1990s, Infusing Critical and Creative Thinking into Content Instruction, co-authored by a number of educational practitioners, K-12, published a large number of articles about teaching and assessing thinking, and has recently published since 2000 the book Thinking-Based Learning in both English and Spanish, as well as a new 2019 publication in Spanish of a set of books on Thinking to Learn, one a comprehensive and in-depth exposition of the classroom, school, and conceptual details of Thinking-Based Learning, and the other a book of teacher-designed lessons for the elementary/primary grades on the important thinking skills of critical and creative thinking infused into content instruction. He has also has acted as a thinking skills testing consultant with the National Assessment of Educational Progress in the USA. He is presently a member of the standing committee of the International Conference on Thinking (ICOT), a conference that brings together the most active practitioners, researchers, and theoreticians biannually as it moves around the world. Robert Swartz’s email address is and the web-address of the National Center for Teaching Thinking is